The sphere of testing is a complex and multi-level system that includes a vast number of diverse elements. In addition to the obvious basic components of testing, one of the less obvious but equally crucial aspects of the QA field is risk.
Risk is an active factor or a developing process factor that has the potential for a negative impact on the process.
In simple terms, risk is something that can potentially complicate the situation. It's essential to distinguish between the concepts of risk and issues. Risk is something that might happen, while an issue is something that is already happening and has a negative impact. Thus, the main task regarding risks is to identify them in a timely manner, anticipate them, and take measures to mitigate their occurrence, ensuring that theoretical risks do not become actual problems.